Island Hvar


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search
For the acronym, see HVAR, for the town see Hvar (town)
Location Adriatic sea
Coordinates Coordinates: 43°08′N, 16°44′E
Area 297.37 km²
Flag of Croatia Croatia
County Split-Dalmatia
Largest city Hvar (4,138)
Population 11,459 (as of 2001)
Density 38.5/km²

Hvar (local Croatian dialect: Hvor or For, Greek: Pharos, Latin: Pharina, Italian: Lesina) is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea, located off the Dalmatian coast. The island measures approximately 80 km, east to west and is a tourist destination.



[edit] Geography

Hvar Island is administratively part of the Split-Dalmatia County in Dalmatia, Croatia. It is separated from the island of Brač by the Hvar Channel (Hvarski kanal), from Vis by the Vis Channel, from Korčula by the Korčula Channel, from Pelješac by the Neretva Channel, while the east cape of the island is located just three nautical miles away from the mainland. Along the southern coast of the island there are several smaller islands, notably the Paklenski Otoci in the west and the Šćedro island in the south.

It covers 112 square miles with fruit growing, olives, lavender and fishing being the main occupations. As of 1991 the estimated population was around 11,400.

The major divisions of the island include:

  • Hvar (population 4,138 in 2001), the site of the first public theatre in Europe, opened in 1612.
  • the town of Stari Grad, located on the north part of the island (population 2,817 in 2001), the site of one of the first human settlements on the Adriatic islands during the Antiquity Stari Grad is the main sea port on the island; most visitors arrive here via car ferries from Split.
  • Jelsa is a town in the central-northern part of the island (population 3,672 in 2001)
  • Sućuraj is a picturesque small town (more than 2,300 years old) on the east cape of the island Hvar in Croatia. The population of 400 people exists by tourism and fishing. Thanks to the very mild climate and beautiful countryside, many tourists come to Sucuraj. The town is the official centre of the east part of the island.

[edit] History

A view of the city of Hvar from the Castle
A view of the city of Hvar from the Castle
A view of Stari Grad on Hvar
A view of Stari Grad on Hvar
The southern coast of Hvar near Sveta Nedjelja
The southern coast of Hvar near Sveta Nedjelja

The first inhabitants of Hvar Island were Neolithic people who probably established trade links between Hvar and the eastern shores of the Mediterranean. The Hvar Culture lasted from 3500 to 2500 BC.

Beginning in the 4th century BCE, the Greeks colonized the island. During this period the people of Pharos defeated Jadasini warriors and their allies. Their victory over much larger forces is immortalized an inscription, one of the oldest known inscriptions of Croatia.

In the early Middle Ages, Slavic tribes occupied the island. In the first half of the 7th century the Slavs of Pagania took over the island. Venetian sailors saw the island while sailing towards the Neretva Channel and were threatened by the Narentine pirates from the island. In the 11th century the island joins the Croatian realm.

The 12th century brought the Republic of Venice, which bought vines and wine cultivation which blossomed into a major industry for the island in the Middle Ages. The island eventually again fell under Byzantine rule, and then the Hungarian Kings. In 1331 the Venetians put the island under protection from threats of piracy. According to the 1358 Treaty of Zadar, the island was handed over to the Kingdom of Hungary. For short time in Summer of 1390 it was held by Bosnian king Stephen Tvtko I. In December 1396 King Sigismund gifted the island to Đurađ II Stracimirović of the Balšić house of Zeta, who kept it until his death in 1403, when it returned to the Hungarian crown. In 1409, the Republic of Venice finally again became its long-term owner.

In the 16th century an uprising occurred between the plebeians and aristocracy, the most serious of the uprising occurred between 1510 and 1514 with the Venetians ruthlessly crushing the locals and sending twenty of their leaders to the hangman. The island became prosperous from boat building, fishing the cultivation of rosemary, lavender and olives. The Venetians set up the Diocese of Hvar.

Hvar is important to the history of Croatia as it was one of the centers of Croatian literature during the Renaissance, with writers such as Petar Hektorović and Hanibal Lucić. In Stari Grad, tourists can see the Petar Hektorović fortress/villa called Tvrdalj, architectonically designed by the poet himself.

Churches on the island contain lots of important paintings and artworks by famous Venetian artists, including Tintoretto, Veronese, Bellini and others.

In 1797 Hvar was annexed with the fall of the Venetian Republic by the Habsburg Monarchy as per the Treaty of Campoformio. But forced of the French Empire seized it in 1806 during the Napoleonic wars.

During the Croatian national renaissance, in the age of national awakening in Europe, many leading figures in southern Croatia, and in Croatia as a whole, came from Hvar.

The Austrians regained control of the island in accordance to the 1815 Treaty of Vienna and into the beginning of the 20th century brought a period of relative prosperity. The Italian army occupied the island from 1918 until 1921, when Hvar with the whole of Croatia joined the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. In 1939 an autonomous Croatian Banate was formed that included it and in 1941 Fascist Italy occupied it until the end of the WWII in 1945, when it became a part of Communist Yugoslavia, it's Croatian constituent republic.

Ivan Vučetić, the man who perfected dactyloscopy at the turn of the 20th century, came from Hvar island.

In 1992 the Republic of Croatia was recognized as an Independent state in which Hvar obtained a position in its territorial reorganization.

In today's Croatia, Hvar's most famous citizen in the world is football player Igor Tudor (Juventus), while most famous Croatian deputy in Sabor (awarded as the "Deputy of the year") is from island of Hvar, Tonči Tadić.

[edit] Economy

Residents of Hvar mostly work in the fishing and tourism industries. Hvar has a very mild Mediterranean climate, beautiful beaches and Mediterranean vegetation that make it one of the most attractive tourist centers in Europe. The island promotes itself as "the sunniest spot in Europe," with 2715 hours of sunlight in an average year.

Port in Hvar town
Port in Hvar town

Hvar town is the main tourist center. It features a large public square that is open to the sea. During the tourist season, the port is filled with large yachts. All-night discos attract large crowds of young visitors.

Another major economic activity is the cultivation of lavender, used for aromatic oils and soaps. Hvar is often called the "island of lavender".

Hvar is also one of the two most famous winemaking zones in Croatia. Vineyards on the southern side of the island are famous for red wines produced from the Plavac Mali grape. The central plain between Stari Grad and Jelsa is famous for its white wines.

[edit] Names of the island

As a Greek colony, the island was known as Pharos 'lighthouse'. The Greek poet Apollonius of Rhodes referred to the island as "Piteyeia" in the 3rd century BC, a name derived either from the Greek word "pitys", meaning spruce, or from the ancient Illyrian village of Pitve in the central part of the island.

Under the Roman rule (in the province of Dalmatia), it was known as Pharia and later Fara.

In the early Middle Ages, Slavs settled the island and named it Hvar, replacing the consonant "f" with old Slavic consonant "hv". But, the island was still ruled by the romanized Illyrians. The Croats' influence convinced the resident Roman population to once again change the official name to Quarra.

Since the late 11th century its Italian name has been Lesina, from Croatian les 'forest' (an accurate description of the island at the time); in Venetian, Liesena. The name remained official during Venetian rule.

Send enquiry

ID: [522] Island Hvar
Number of adults:
Number of children:
Arrival date:
Departure date:

Customer data

* Name:
* Last name:
ZIP Code:
* E-mail:
* Phone / Cell phone 1:
Phone / Cell phone 2:
* denotes required field

Search by ID

Google Search


Solution Graphics


Majstora Jurja 13, 21000 Split
Hrvatska (Croatia)
tel: +385 21 271040
fax: +385 21 271040
skype: SmokvinaTravel
MB: 2123681
OIB: 02419525960
IBAN: HR8423400091510356908
ID KOD: HR-AB-21-060222784

Exchange calculator